HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV): A DIAGNOSTIC DILEMMA

  • Muhammad Ali Rathore Armed Forces Institute of Transfusion/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Saifullah Khan Niazi Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Mommana Ali Rathore Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sajid Yazdani Armed Forces Institute of Transfusion/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: False positive, Human immunodeficiency virus, Laboratory Diagnosis

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus is a blood borne virus and is being routinely screened in the blood banks since 1983. The sensitivity and specificity of HIV tests have improved dramatically over the years, but even then, false positive results do occur, which need confirmatory testing. A young male who arrived at Armed Forces Institute of Transfusion (AFIT), Rawalpindi, for blood donation, was repeatedly “positive” on serological assays. Nucleic acid amplification test (NAT) was performed which gave a “Negative” result. Line immunoassay (LIA) was performed to solve the discrepancy in test results.

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Published
2022-05-31
How to Cite
Rathore, M., Niazi, S., Rathore, M., & Yazdani, M. (2022). HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV): A DIAGNOSTIC DILEMMA. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(SUPPL-2), S397-99. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72iSUPPL-2.9000
Section
Case Reports