Frequency and Severity of Anemia in Pregnant Women at Gwadar Development Authority Hospital, Gwadar, Balochistan

  • Majid Latif Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saeed Bin Ayaz Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Usman Munir Combined Military Hospital Panu Aqil/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Laeeq Ur Rehman Gwadar Development Authority Hospital, Gwadar Pakistan
  • Muhammad Anwar Combined Military Hospital Mailsi/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Mansoor Ishaq Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muneeba Manzoor Government Hospital Ghaziabad, Lahore Pakistan
  • Muhammad Aamir Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Anemia, Age, Frequency, Gender, Gwadar, Hemoglobin, Pregnancy, Severity, Women

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency and severity of anemia among pregnant women and find association of anemia with age, number of pregnancies, and the trimester of pregnancy at Gwadar Development Authority (GDA) Hospital, Gwadar, Baluchistan.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Gwadar Developmental Authority Hospital, Gwadar Pakistan, from Sep 2017 to Feb 2018.

Methodology: Through consecutive sampling, we included 200 women diagnosed with pregnancy reporting for routine checkup. The samples were taken through antecubital veins using aseptic technique and the hemoglobin was analyzed using Medonic M-series M32 Hematology Analyzer. We used definitions of anemia given by the World Health Organization. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.

Results: The mean age was 26.2 ± 5.6 years (range: 17-43 years). The mean hemoglobin was 10.1 ± 1.4 g/dL while the mean values for mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin were 70.5 ± 10.1 f Land 24.1 ± 4.2 pg respectively. The frequency of anemia was 73% (n=146). Most (40%, n=80) women had anemia of moderate intensity. Mild anemia was most prevalent in the first trimester while moderate and severe anemia was in the third trimester. No significant interactions of woman’s age, number of pregnancies, and the trimester of pregnancy were found with the presence of anemia.

Conclusion: The frequency of anemia among pregnant women attending GDA hospital was 73% with maximum women having moderate anemia. Woman’s age, number of pregnancies, and the trimester of pregnancy did not have any significant association with anemia.

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Published
2022-05-31
How to Cite
Latif, M., Ayaz, S., Munir, M., Rehman, L., Anwar, M., Ishaq, M., Manzoor, M., & Aamir, M. (2022). Frequency and Severity of Anemia in Pregnant Women at Gwadar Development Authority Hospital, Gwadar, Balochistan. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(SUPPL-2), S204-07. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/8845
Section
Original Articles

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