COMPARISON OF ISOCONAZOLE NITRATE VERSUS NYSTATIN FOR TREATMENT OF OTOMYCOSIS
Keywords:Otomycosis, Isoconazole, Nystatin
Objective: To compare isoconazole nitrate versus nystatin for treatment of otomycosis.
Study Design: Quasi experimental study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur and Combined Military Hospital Mardan, from Jan to Dec 2018.
Methodology: Total 204 cases fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected from outpatient department of Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur and Mardan. They were divided into 2 groups of 102 each using random number tables. Group A cases were given Isocona-zole nitrate for application in external auditory meatus and group B cases were given Nystatin. All the cases were examined two weeks later and outcome was compared in terms of clinical improvement and symptoms resolution.
Results: Out of 204, 125 patients were females and rest 79 were males. Age range was from 12-87 years with mean age 31 ± 2.4. Both groups were identical in terms of gender. In group A patients, 74 (72.5%) showed marked improvement after two week, 15 (14.7%) showed moderate improvement and 13 (12.7%) showed minor improvement. However, in group B, 55 (53.9%) showed marked improvement after two week, 23 (22.5%) showed moderate improvement and 24 (23.5%) showed minor improvement. Group A treatment was found significantly better than group B treatment (p=0.021).
Conclusion: Isoconazole nitrate ointment was found significantly more effective for treating otomycosis than nystatin.