POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN COVID-19 PCR POSITIVE PATIENTS; ITS FREQUENCY AND PSYCHOSOCIAL RISK FACTORS HAVE BEEN OBSERVED IN ENT AND NEUROLOGY OUTPATIENT’S CLINICS

  • Kausar Mahmood United Medical and Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
  • Shanila Feroz United Medical and Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
  • Iqbal Hussain Udaipurwala Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
  • Aaqil Anwar United Medical and Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
  • Owais Khan Tareen United Medical and Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
  • Zaib Un Nisa United Medical and Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: COVID-19, Impact of Event Scale-revised, PCR positive patients, Post-traumatic stress disorder

Abstract

Objective: To find out the occurrence and psychosocial risk factors of post-traumatic stress disorder in COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive patients presented to ENT and neurology clinics of a tertiary care hospital.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Creek General Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from Sep to Dec 2020.

Methodology: Total 60 patients with positive COVID-19 PCR test were included. After taking written and informed consent, they were evaluated using a semi-structured questionnaire. Questionnaire comprises of four main parts; first part includes demographic data, second part includes information about the course of COVID-19 in patient and other members of family, third part comprised of reasons of anxiety during COVID-19 and fourth part consist of Impact of Event Scale-revised (IES-R). Data was entered and analyzed through SPSS-23.

Results: Out of total 60 patients, 36 (60%) had post COVID stress disorder. Females were affected more than the males (63% vs. 57%), above 50 years of age were affected more than below 50 years of age (81% vs 52%), singles were affected more than married (72% vs 38%) and lower socio-economic status were affected more than higher (65% vs 50%).

Conclusion: PTSD was observed as long-term psychiatric problem leading to significant morbidity and mortality in patients with COVID-19 infection.

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Published
2021-12-28
How to Cite
Mahmood, K., Feroz, S., Udaipurwala, I., Anwar, A., Tareen, O., & Nisa, Z. (2021). POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN COVID-19 PCR POSITIVE PATIENTS; ITS FREQUENCY AND PSYCHOSOCIAL RISK FACTORS HAVE BEEN OBSERVED IN ENT AND NEUROLOGY OUTPATIENT’S CLINICS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 71(Suppl-3), S508-11. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v71iSuppl-3.7918
Section
Original Articles

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