Comparison of Vitamin D Levels in Children with Recurrent Respiratory Tract Infections with Normal Children

  • Saeed Zaman Combined Military Hospital /National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Umama Ahmed Combined Military Hospital Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Sajid Ali Shah Combined Military Hospital Mardan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Misbah Munir Mekran Medical College Turbat, Pakistan
  • Sadaf Nawaz Combined Military Hospital Gilgit/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Lutfullah Goheer Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Respiratory tract infection, Nourishment, Odds ratio, Vitamin D

Abstract

Objective: To compare Vitamin D levels in children with recurrent respiratory tract infections with normal children.

Study Design: Case-control study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Paediatrics, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian, from Nov 2018 to Dec 2019.

Methodology: Sixty children fulfilling the inclusion criteria from the indoor department of Paediatrics, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian were included in the study. Thirty patients were in the recurrent respiratory tract infections-group (cases), while 30 were in the normal children- group (control). The blood sample was drawn from all the children included in the study to analyze serum 25 (OH) D levels. Data regarding Vitamin D levels were noted from both groups as per operational definition on an especially designed proforma.

Results: The mean age of cases was 5.63 ± 2.82 years, and controls were 5.66 ± 2.44 years. In cases-group, 20 (66.7%) cases had low vitamin D levels, and 10 (33.3%) cases had normal vitamin D levels, while in control subjects, 11 (36.7%) children had low vitamin D levels and 19 (63.3%) children had average vitamin D level. Cases with low vitamin D levels were statistically higher than controls, with the p-value of 0.02 with a significant odds ratio = 3.455 (95% CI: 1.95–9.99).

Conclusion: This study concludes that children with recurrent respiratory tract infections had low vitamin D levels compared with normal children.

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Published
2022-04-28
How to Cite
Zaman, S., Ahmed, U., Shah, S., Munir, M., Nawaz, S., & Goheer, L. (2022). Comparison of Vitamin D Levels in Children with Recurrent Respiratory Tract Infections with Normal Children. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(2), 353-56. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i2.7649
Section
Original Articles

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