PATTERN AND FREQUENCY OF MOTOR CYCLE ACCIDENT INJURIES REPORTED TO CMH PANNU AQIL, SIND
Objective: To analyse the pattern and frequency of injuries in motor cycle accident reported at Combined Military Hospital Pannu Aqil.
Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional prospective study.
Place and Duration of Study: CMH Pano Aqil, from 19 Feb 2014 to 31 Nov 2015.
Material and Methods: All motor cycle occupants that got injured because of the accident brought to main reception centre of Combined Military Hospital Pannu Aqil were included in the study. Patients brought in dead after motor cycle accident were excluded from the study. Data were collected on the questionnaire, analysed and evaluated using SPSS version 17.
Results: We received 526 injured patients as a result of 436 motor bike accidents in Combined Military Hospital Pano Aqil. They were 422 male and 104 female. The peak incidence was noted between the ages of 20-30 years. More than half 310 (58.9%) were using helmets while driving. Majority of them 343 (65.1%) had a low speed impact (less than 60 km/hr). Bulk of the patients belonged to Armed Forces 213 (40.5%). The majority of the patients 419 (79.6%) had orthopaedic injuries. Abdominal thoracic and urological injuries were in 73 (13.9%), 15 (2.6%), 9 (1.7%) respectively. Sixty seven (12.7%) had head injuries and 11(2.1%) patients had spinal injuries. Soft tissue injuries accounted for 74 (14.06%). One hundred and forty two patients (26.9%) had injury to more than one organ. Fifty three (37.06%) patients had orthopaedic and head injury, forty five (31.69%) had orthopaedic and abdominal injury, 30 (21.1%) had orthopaedic and soft tissue injury, 3(2.1%) had orthopaedic and urological injury, 2(1.4%) patients had orthopaedic, head and thoracic injury, 6(4.2%) patients had abdominal and thoracic
and 3 (2.1%) patients had abdominal and head injury.
Conclusion: The frequency of orthopaedic injuries, along with abdominal thoracic and urologic injuries were more as compare to the head and spinal injuries among the motor bike accidents.