Comparison of Kangaroo Mother Care with Conventional Care in Newborns in Terms of Frequency of Successful First Breastfeeding and Time to Initiate Breast Feeding

  • Amjad Iqbal Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Tehreem Iqbal Tehsil Head Quarter Hospital, Kotli Sattian Pakistan
  • Faisal Bashir Combined Military Hospital Sialkot/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Bilqees . Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Shahid Aslam Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sehrish Anjum Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Breast feeding, Early skin-to-skin contact, Kangaroo mother care

Abstract

Objective: To compare kangaroo mother care with conventional care in newborns regarding the frequency of successful first breastfeeding and time to initiate breastfeeding.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: Departments of Pediatrics and obstetrics CMH Bahawalpur from Feb 2019 to Jun 2020.

Methodology: 120 infant-mother couples were included in the study. Sixty infant-mother couples were randomly allocated to each group (120 infants). Group A was nursed with kangaroo mother care (KMC), and Group B was nursed with conventional care (CC). The frequency of the first successful feed was assessed, and the time taken to initiate breastfeeding was documented.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference in weight, gestational age and gender distribution between the two groups. 65 (54.25%) infants had successful first breastfeeding in the study population. 38 (63.3%) of the infants had first successful breastfeeding as per the Infant Breast feeding Assessment Tool (IBFAT) in group A (KMC) as compared to 27 (45%) in group B (Conventional Care). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant, with a p-value of 0.044. Mean time for first successful breastfeeding was significantly less for the KMC group as compared to the conventional group with a p-value of <0.001. Kangaroo mother care resulted in a higher frequency of successful first feed, and meantime for initiation of feeding was also less than conventional care.

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Published
2022-06-26
How to Cite
Iqbal, A., Iqbal, T., Bashir, F., ., B., Aslam, S., & Anjum, S. (2022). Comparison of Kangaroo Mother Care with Conventional Care in Newborns in Terms of Frequency of Successful First Breastfeeding and Time to Initiate Breast Feeding. PAFMJ, 72(3), 1008-12. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i3.6889
Section
Original Articles