Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure-Outcome and Its Predictors in A Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Rao Saad Shadab Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Shoaib Khan Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Farrukh Saeed Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Kumail Hasan Kazmi Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Fuad Ahmed Siddiqi Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Rafi Ud Din Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Acute-on-chronic liver failure, Hepatitis C, Viral hepatitis

Abstract

Objective: To determine the characteristics and outcome of acute-on-chronic liver failure patients being managed at PakEmirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology at Pak-Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from Sep 2018 to Jan 2021.

Methodology: In this study, 1559 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis were studied. Patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiac failure, dementia, and stroke were excluded. All the relevant features of each case were recorded in the proforma.

Results: Out of 1559 patients, 67 had Acute-on-chronic liver failure. The majority of patients who presented with acute-onchronic liver failure were in grade Ib (55%), followed by grade II (30%). Hepatitis C virus related liver cirrhosis was the commonest underlying liver disease (78.4%). Drugs were the commonest triggering factor (33%), followed by acute viral hepatitis (27%). However, a large number of patients had no identifiable cause (25.4%).

Conclusion: Acute-chronic-liver failure is common in patients presenting with acute decompensation of liver cirrhosis. Patients undergoing liver transplantation in the correct window period, have good prognosis.

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Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
Shadab, R., Khan, M., Saeed, F., Kazmi, S., Siddiqi, F., & Din, R. (2022). Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure-Outcome and Its Predictors in A Tertiary Care Hospital. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(1), 190-93. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i1.6415
Section
Original Articles

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