SPECTRUM OF PRESENTATION OF ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS AT DIFFERENT ALTITUDES

Acute Mountain Sickness

  • Jamal Azfar Khan Prince Sultan Military College of Medical Sciences Dhahran Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Mohsin Qayyum Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hanif Khan Safdar Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Rizwan Bashir Kiani Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Saddam Hussain Goma Hospital Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan
  • Kamran Memon Goma Hospital Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan
Keywords: Acclimatization, Acute mountain sickness, High altitude, Lake Louise questionnaire

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) and the spectrum of clinical presentations in the troops/mountaineers who ascend to different altitudes.
Study Design: Prospective case series.
Place and Duration of Study: Study was conducted at Field Hospital Goma, from April to May 2012.
Material and Methods: The study was carried out on 582 soldiers at 3330 meters (m), which were subsequently followed up on 4496 m and 5700 m. All participants were given Lake Louise Questionnaire to report symptoms. They were examined and any signs of AMS were registered. The frequency of AMS, spectrum of presentation and severity were noted.
Results: Frequencies of development of AMS symptoms were 2.75% (3330 m), 7.4% (4496 m) and 16.7% (5700 m). The most common symptoms were headache, insomnia, fatigue, dizziness and gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea and vomiting.
Conclusion: Overall, 8% people developed AMS. The severity of signs and symptoms increased with altitude.

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Published
2018-08-31
How to Cite
Khan, J., Qayyum, M., Safdar, H., Kiani, M., Hussain, S., & Memon, K. (2018). SPECTRUM OF PRESENTATION OF ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS AT DIFFERENT ALTITUDES. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(4), 992-97. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/61
Section
Original Articles

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