Trends of Different Gynaecological Cancers at Combined Military Hospital Lahore; An Overview of Last Five Years
Objective: To observe trends of gynaecological malignancies at Combined Military Hospital Lahore.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Lahore Pakistan, from Jan 2015 to Dec 2019.
Methodology: Data was retrieved from patient admission and discharge notes and their records at the pathology department. Variables like trends of gynaecological malignancies, mean age, common presenting complaint, and common malignancy with histopathology type were collected.
Results: A total of 107 patients were selected from 2015-2019. Commonest malignancy observed was carcinoma endometrium 51 (47.6%) followed by carcinoma ovary 32 (29.9%), and gestational trophoblastic disease 17 (15.8%), carcinoma cervix 6(5.6%) with one case of carcinoma vulva (0.9%). The common presentation was postmenopausal bleeding 27 (25.2%). Among endometrial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma was the common histopathological type (92.1%). The mean age observed with carcinoma endometrium was 46.9 ± 9 years, ranging from 45-65 years.
Conclusion: Endometrial malignancy was the commonest malignancy observed in our study. Most patients presented with postmenopausal bleeding. Trends of different gynaecological malignancies were reviewed.