Comparision of Distal Uniplanar Locking with Biplanar Distal Locking in Intramedullary Interlocking Nailing of Fractures Distal Shaft of Tibia

  • Rana Shahbaz Ahmad Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Suhail Amin Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Omar Rathore Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Bushra Hassan Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Javaid Iqbal Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Adeel Qamar Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Distal shaft of tibia fractures, Distal interlocking screws, Intramedullary interlocking nailing, Union time

Abstract

Objective: To study the effects of distal uniplanar locking and distal bi planar locking on union times in uncomplicated fractures distal shaft of tibia managed with an intramedullary interlocking nail.

Study Design: Comparative prospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi from Jan to Nov 2020.

Methodology: Fifty-three patients having fractures distal shaft of tibia managed with intramedullary interlocking nail were studied. Twenty-nine patients were managed using two interlocking screws distally (uniplanar) in coronal plane (group-1). Twenty-four patients were managed with three bi planar screws comprising two coronal and one sagittal distal interlocking screw (group-2). Patients were followed every 4 weeks, and bone union time was assessed. Isolated closed fractures treated with closed reduction were included.

Results: Patients treated with distal bi planar locking (group-2) had significantly reduced union time in weeks (11.25 ± 1.42) compared to uniplanar distal interlocking (group-1) (15.79 ± 1.80) (p<.001).

Conclusion: Union time for distal tibia shaft fractures is significantly reduced when treated with distal biplanar locking; it can be attributed to increased stability of the construct.

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Published
2022-05-01
How to Cite
Ahmad, R., Amin, M. S., Rathore, M. O., Hassan, B., Iqbal, J., & Qamar, A. (2022). Comparision of Distal Uniplanar Locking with Biplanar Distal Locking in Intramedullary Interlocking Nailing of Fractures Distal Shaft of Tibia. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(2), 637-40. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i2.5832
Section
Original Articles