PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS EVALUATION IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS

Stress Evaluation in Breast Cancer

  • Aliya Hisam Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Arshad Mahmood Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Fawad Mashhadi Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Huzaifa Bin Khalil *Combined Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hassan Khan Jadoon Combined Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hamza Khan Combined Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hira Fatima Combined Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Aarfa Aziz Combined Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zahra Shafiq Combined Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

Abstract

Objective: To assess the level of stress in breast cancer patients undergoing surgery and/or chemotherapy.
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out from August 2015 to February 2016 in Military Hospital (MH) and Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Rawalpindi.
Material and Methods: The sample size was 61, which was calculated using WHO sample size calculator with a confidence interval of 95%, anticipated population proportion of 0.35 and absolute precision of 0.12. Purposive sampling technique was used. Stress levels were measured by using standardized Cohens stress Questionnaire. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 46.72 ± 12.418 years. Among breast cancer patients who went for surgery all were having high stress that is 9 (100%). Among the chemotherapy patients, there was 1 (7.1%) in average stress category, 4 (28.6%) in moderate stress category and 9 (64.3%) in high stress category. Those patients who underwent surgery and chemotherapy sessions, there were 5 (13.2%) in average stress, 12 (31.6%) in moderate stress and 21 (55.3%) in high stress category but association was statistically not significant (p=0.165). 
Conclusion: High level of stress was found in both the treatment modalities. Illiterate and unemployed had a considerably greater stress category as compared to educated and employed.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2018-08-31
How to Cite
Hisam, A., Mahmood, A., Mashhadi, S. F., Khalil, H., Jadoon, H., Khan, H., Fatima, H., Aziz, A., & Shafiq, Z. (2018). PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS EVALUATION IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(4), 899-904. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/56
Section
Original Articles