CORONA VIRUS CONTAGION: ESTIMATION OF MENTAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT“ COVID– 19 FEAR; A DESPERATE ESCAPE”
Objective: To study the mental and psychological impact of “COVID-19” Fear in Pakistani population.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Tertiary Care Institute, Rawalpindi, from Feb 2020 to Apr 2020.
Methodology: Methodology constituted of a paper-based and web-based questionnaire. A pilot study carried out at 15-20 participants for questionnaire validation and reviewed by independent experts for face validity, a final questionnaire comprised of 10 questions in addition to demographic profile. The minimum sample size required for the study was 359, where the prevalence of anxiety and depression related to disease was considered to be 63%.
Results: A total of 1500 participants participated in the study and data extracted from their responses. Age range 24-61 years of sample was with mean age was 36.66 ± 9.0 years. 1125 (75%) participants were males whereas 375 (25%) were females. In reply of are you depressed of self-isolation and social distancing 855 (57%) said yes whereas 645 (43%) disagreed (p–value <0.001). In response to children behaviour during pandemic lockdown condition 255 (17%) participants stated no change, 315 (21%) said scared and 930 (62%) replied aggressive/ irritable (p-value 0.021).
Conclusion: It is frightening for the general population to be amid a worldwide pandemic, therefore focused attention on reassurance should be paid as most of the patients recover without hospitalization.