Late Presentation of Anorectal Malformations - A Dilemma in Modern World: Cross-sectional Analysis from a Tertiary Care Hospital, Pakistan

  • Hamza Sohail Children's Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Lahore
  • Tahir Nawaz Children's Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Lahore
  • Mohammad Afzal Mirza Children's Hospital & Institute of Child Health, Lahore
  • Jahan Ara Abbassi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ahsan Nawaz Glan Clwyd Hospital, United Kingdom
  • Anoshia Arif Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi Pakistan
  • Moiz Ahmed Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: Anorectal malformation, late presentation, Mortality

Abstract

Objective: To study the presentation age of children with anorectal malformation and its relationship with complications.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Faisalabad, from Jan to Dec 2019.

Methodology: A total of 170 patients were included in the study. All the infants with a positive diagnosis of anorectal malformation from birth to 2 years of age were included in the study. Variables, including age at presentation, gender, diagnosis, length of stay and outcome in the form of discharge or mortality, were recorded.

Results: A mean age of presentation was 3.4 ± 2.1 days. Out of the total 170 patients, 110 (64.71%) were males, and 60 (35.29%) were females. The age of children extended from birth to 2 years of age. It was observed that only 10 (5.88%) infants presented within 48 hours of birth, 110 (64.71%) neonates presented between 48 to 72 hours, while 50 (29.41%) presented after 72 hours. A mortality rate of 3.53% was observed in the late-presentation group, i.e., after 72 hours of birth. The length of hospitalization was longer in groups with late presentation.

Conclusion: The present study reported that the majority of the infants with anorectal malformation were admitted to the hospital with a late presentation, i.e., after 72 hours of birth. Early and timely presentation of these infants can improve patient outcomes and reduce mortality among infants with anorectal malformations.

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Published
2022-06-06
How to Cite
Sohail, H., Nawaz, T., Mirza, M., Ara, J., Nawaz, M., Arif, A., & Ahmed, M. (2022). Late Presentation of Anorectal Malformations - A Dilemma in Modern World: Cross-sectional Analysis from a Tertiary Care Hospital, Pakistan. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(SUPPL-2), S280-83. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72iSUPPL-2.4426
Section
Original Articles