Association of Abnormal Coagulation Tests in Dengue Fever with Clinical Outcomes of The Patients

  • Zareen Irshad Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Pakistan
  • Nazish Jaffar Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Pakistan
  • Talat Zehra Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Pakistan
  • Faiza Zeeshan Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Pakistan
  • Sunila Tashfeen Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Asma Sheikh Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: Activated partial thromboplastin time, Dengue, Fibrin degradation products, Prothrombin time

Abstract

Objective: To assess the coagulation test abnormalities (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and fibrin degradation products) in dengue fever patients and its impact on clinical outcomes of the patient.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Hematology Department, Pakistan Naval Ship Shifa Hospital, Karachi Pakistan, from Aug 2016 to Feb 2017.

Methodology: A total of 135, serologically proven positive dengue-infected IgM cases, based on enzyme-linked immunesorbent assay, were included in the study. Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and fibrin degradation products levels were measured on STA Compact Max® (STAGO) and SysmexCA-1500. Clinical Outcomes of the patient were noted.

Results: At the time of admission, elevated prothrombin time was observed in 8(5.6%) cases and remained high at the time of discharge (p-value 0.008). Elevated activated partial thromboplastin time was observed in 57 (42.2%) cases at admission whereas, at discharge, it was observed in 56 (41.5%) cases. Increased level (>5) of fibrin degradation products was seen in 30 (22.2%) cases while at the time of discharge increased level of fibrin degradation products was observed in 25 (18.5%) cases (pvalue 0.007). Out of 135 patients, mortality was observed in two cases and the remaining 133 (98.52%) survived and were discharged.

Conclusion: In conclusion, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and fibrin degradation products can be labeled as early predictors of disease severity and their derangements are associated with clinical outcome in dengue infection.

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Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
Irshad, Z., Jaffar, N., Zehra, T., Zeeshan, F., Tashfeen, S., & Sheikh, A. (2022). Association of Abnormal Coagulation Tests in Dengue Fever with Clinical Outcomes of The Patients. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(1), 159-63. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i1.4255
Section
Original Articles

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