Outbreak of Chickenpox

  • Eijaz Ghani Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Mahmood Ur Rehman Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ali Rathore Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Chickenpox, Outbreak, Varicella


Objective: To study the outbreak of chickenpox in a military training center in Northern Pakistan.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Attock from 1st Nov 2007 to 30th Jan 2008.
Material and Methods: Patients with clinical suspicion of chickenpox during the outbreak were confirmed by laboratory tests including complement fixation test using commercial antigen of Virion/Serion of Germany and Immunoglobulin M for Varicella zoster virus by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay of Vircell, Spain. Moreover, direct immunofluorescence using BioRad kit was also done in patients with active lesions.
Results: A total of 102 cases occurred in the present outbreak. The age of the patients ranged from 16 to 35 years with a mean of 21.16 + 4.47 years. From a total of 102 patients, 60 (58.8%) were positive for antibodies against Varicella zoster virus by complement fixation test, 30 (29.4 %) were positive by ELISA and 12 (11.7%) were positive on Immunofluorescence testing. None of the admitted cases developed any complication and their hospital stay remained uneventful.
Conclusion: This outbreak of chickenpox in a military training center affected a considerable number of military recruits, led to a number of hospital admissions and had an adverse effect on training activities. There is a need to formulate a policy to offer vaccination against Varicella zoster virus to all unimmunized individuals before induction in the military to avoid unnecessary interruption in training and academic activities.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Ghani, E., Rehman, M., & Rathore, M. (2016). OUTBREAK OF CHICKENPOX IN A MILITARY CENTER IN NORTHERN PAKISTAN. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 66(1), 147-50. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/422
Field Medicine