FACTORS AFFECTING LIFE STYLE ADAPTATION/CONSISTENCY AMONG CASES OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN URBAN PAKISTAN
Keywords:Adherence, Lifestyle modification, Type 2 diabetes
Objective: To assess the frequency of non-compliance/inconsistency of life style adaptations/consistency among cases of type 2 diabetic patients.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Population of Rawalpindi cantt and nearby localities (Afshan Colony, Shalley Valley Colony, Dheri Hassan Abad) of six months, from Feb 2017 to Jul 2017.
Methodology: Four hundred self declared patients of diabetes who had been diagnosed for >2 years and >40 years of age were approached at their homes using non-probability consecutive sampling method. They were interviewed using structured questionnaire after taking informed consent.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 56.47 ± 9.81 years with predominantly female population of 250 (64.8%). Only 36% of the participants were found to be adherent to life style modification required for diabetic self-management. Socio-demographic factors like gender, age, ethnicity and marital status was not significantly associated with the compliance level of diabetic management, whereas increase in educational status was found to be associated with increase in compliance score (p-value=0.016).
Conclusion: The majority of the participants were not following the prescribed lifestyle modification required for the diabetes management and education status has been found to be linked with adherence to life style modification.