ASSOCIATION OF DENTAL CARIES AND ORAL HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE (OHRQOL) IN DISABLED CHILDREN

  • Rubab Jawed Baqai Dental College, Karachi Pakistan
  • Zohaib Khan Khyber Medical University, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Maryam Younus College of Physician and Surgeon Pakistan, Karachi Pakistan
  • Khadijah Abid College of Physician and Surgeon Pakistan, Karachi Pakistan
  • Momina Saleem Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Zeeshan Kibria Khyber Medical University, Peshawar Pakistan
Keywords: Dental caries, Down syndrome, Decayed, Missing and filled teeth index, Mental disabilities, Oral health related

Abstract

Objective: To assess the association of dental caries and oral health related quality of life in mentally or physical disabled children studying in schools of Karachi.

Study Design: Cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Public and private sector special needs schools of Karachi, from Sep to Nov 2017.

Methodology: This study was conducted on 196 disabled children (mental/physical) in Karachi Pakistan. Children aged 6-18 years and having a disability was included in the study. We calculated the prevalence of dental caries through an examination of the oral cavity using the Decayed, missing and filled teeth index. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 20.

Results: Dental caries was found in 114 (58.2%). “Oral symptoms” score was (4.46 ± 0.85 vs. 4.95 ± 0.79; p<0.001), “functional limitation” (4.12 ± 1.0 vs. 4.63 ± 0.82; p<0.001), “emotional wellbeing” (4.40 ± 0.92 vs. 4.97 ± 0.70; p<0.001) and “parental distress and family function” (3.65 ± 0.97 vs. 4.03 ± 0.96; p<0.001) in children with and without dental caries respectively. All the oral health related quality of life score domains showed statistically significant association between mentally and physical disabled children with and without dental caries.

Conclusion: All the oral health related quality of life related domains had a significant negative impact on the quality of life in mentally and physical disabled children

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Published
2021-08-25
How to Cite
Jawed, R., Khan, Z., Younus, M., Abid, K., Saleem, M., & Kibria, Z. (2021). ASSOCIATION OF DENTAL CARIES AND ORAL HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE (OHRQOL) IN DISABLED CHILDREN. PAFMJ, 71(4), 1198-1203. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v71i4.3842
Section
Original Articles

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