Frequency And Significance of Electrocardiographic Changes in Beta Thalassemia Major Patients

  • Naila Hamid Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Faisal Shafique Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Qamar -uz- Zaman Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafsa Niaz Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Beta thalassemia major, Blood transfusions, Electrocardiography, Ferritin, Hemosiderosis

Abstract

Objective: To find out the electrocardiographic changes among beta thalassemia major patients as the marker of cardiac complications at later stages of life.

Study Design: Prospective observational study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi from Jul 2018 to Dec 2018.

Methodology: One hundred and thirty patients of age 5-20 years with beta thalassemia major were included in the study. Patients were attending the thalassemia centre regularly.

Results: Out of total 130 patients, 70 (53.84%) were males and 60 (46.15%) were females. Out of 81 (56.92%) patients showed at least one electrocardiographic change while 49 (37.69%) patients showed normal electrocardiography. Remarkable electrocardiographic changes were sinus tachycardia, arrhythmias, T-wave inversions, long QTc interval and sinus bradycardia. There was statistically significant association in the increased serum ferritin levels, electrocardiographic changes, number of blood transfusions and occurrence of ECG changes (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Regular electrocardiographic monitoring has significant role in cardiac evaluation of beta thalassemia major patients as an indicator of evolving cardiac complications that can arise from iron overload secondary to multiple blood transfusions.

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Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
Hamid, N., Shafique, M., Zaman, Q., & Niaz, H. (2022). Frequency And Significance of Electrocardiographic Changes in Beta Thalassemia Major Patients. PAFMJ, 72(1), 136-40. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i1.3725
Section
Original Articles