Hypomagnesemia in Pre-Renal Acute Kidney Injury Patients with Non-Recovery of the Renal Functions

  • Zahid Hafeez Al-Noor Specialist Hospital, Holy Makah Saudi Arabia
  • Rana Shahid Hafeez Combined Military Hospital Mangla/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Fawad Ahmad Pakistan Naval Ship Hospital Islamabad Pakistan
  • Wasif Anwar Combined Military Hospital Mangla/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Sumeera Matee Combined Military Hospital Mangla/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Hypomagnesaemia, Magnesium Level, Non-Recovery of Renal Functions, Pre-Renal Acute Kidney Injury, Renal Functions

Abstract

Objective: To determine the hypomagnesaemia frequency in pre-renal acute kidney injury (AKI) patients with non-recovery of renal functions.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Al-Noor Specialist Hospital Holy Makah, Saudi Arabia, from Jul 2014 to Jan 2015.

Methodology: A total of 150 acute kidney injury patients qualifying the inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled in this study. Serum magnesium (Mg) levels were measured for all the patients. Serum magnesium level <0.70 mmol/L (<1.7 mg/dL) was labeled as hypomagnesaemia.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 51.64 ± 13.61 years, with 31% males and 69% females. Hypertension was present in 58 (38.7%) patients, 38 (25.3%) patients were obese, and hypomagnesaemia was present in 25% patients. A statistically insignificant difference was found between age of patients (p=0.086) and gender (p=0.970).

Conclusion: Our study showed that in patients with acute kidney injury with non-recovery of renal functions, the rate of hypomagnesaemia is quite high. Therefore patients with non-recovery should be screened for magnesium levels in future acute kidney injury.

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Published
2022-05-01
How to Cite
Hafeez, Z., Hafeez, R., Ahmad, F., Anwar, W., & Matee, S. (2022). Hypomagnesemia in Pre-Renal Acute Kidney Injury Patients with Non-Recovery of the Renal Functions. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(2), 672-75. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i2.3479
Section
Original Articles