HAEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS DIAGNOSED IN ONE HUNDRED AND ONE SUCCESSIVE BONE MARROW EXAMINATION AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN QUETTA, BALOCHISTAN
Objective: To determine the frequency of haematological disorders diagnosed by bone marrow examination at a tertiary care centre in Quetta, Balochistan.
Study Design: Prospective observational study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pathology, Combined Military Hospital Quetta, from Jan 2018 to May 2019.
Methodology: A total of 101 one patients, who underwent bone marrow examination, were included in the study. Brief history, clinical examination and indication of procedure were also endorsed in a questionnaire designed for the study.
Results: Bone marrow of one hundred and one patients, included in the study, were evaluated. Mean age of the patients was 32.3 ± 18.4 years. There were 68 males (67%), while 33 were females (33%) with 2:1 male to female ratio. Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) was the most common indication for bone marrow examination with frequency of 20.7%. Nutritional anaemia was the most prevalent benign disorder (17%), whereas Acute Lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) accounted about 6.8% which is highest in malignant disorders.
Conclusion: This study has concluded that bone marrow examination is a useful technique and findings of bone marrow can modify the treatment. Thus procedure has a great diagnostic value. Both bone marrow aspiration (BMA) and bone marrow biopsy (BMB) are the complimentary techniques and supremacy of one method on other depends on the disorder.