COMPARISON OF ORAL CHLOROQUINE WITH SYSTEMIC MEGLUMINE ANTIMONIATE IN TREATMENT OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS

  • Muhammad Farooq Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Saad Farooq Nishtar Hospital, Multan Pakistan
  • Arfan Ul Bari Pakistan Naval Ship Shifa Hospital, Karachi/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Tariq Mehmood Malik Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Chloroquine, Leishmaniasis, Meglumine antimoniate, Pentavalent antimonial

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of oral chloroquine with systemic meglumine antimoniate in treatment of
cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Study Design: Open-label comparative prospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Study was conducted in the department of Dermatology, Combined Military
Hospital Multan, from Jan to Oct 2018.

Methodology: Fifty adult male patients completed the study. The inclusion criteria for the study were patients
having untreated skin lesions less than 3 months old. Diagnosis was made on the basis of history and clinical
features and was confirmed on histopathological examination. Patients were divided into 2 groups of 25 each,
group A patients received meglumine antimoniate 810mg intramuscularly once a day whereas group B patients
were given oral chloroquine 250mg twice a day. Pre-treatment complete physical examination was done along
with blood complete picture, urine routine examination, liver function tests, renal function tests and electrocadiogram. They were repeated after 2 weeks and at the end of treatment. The efficacy was measured by healing of lesions with a measuring tape.

Results: Fifty patients completed the study. At the end of treatment, among group A patients, 4 (16%) showed
no improvement, 21 (84%) improved; whereas in group B patients, 11 (44%) showed no improvement, 14 (56%)
showed improvement. Percentage reduction in surface area of skin lesions was 77.6% in group A, whereas in
group B, it was 42.7%.

Conclusion: Meglumine antimoniate showed better efficacy than chloroquine but oral chloroquine was also
effective and can be used as an alternative therapy.

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Published
2021-02-24
How to Cite
Farooq, M., Farooq, M., Bari, A., & Malik, T. (2021). COMPARISON OF ORAL CHLOROQUINE WITH SYSTEMIC MEGLUMINE ANTIMONIATE IN TREATMENT OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS. PAFMJ, 71(1), 139-44. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v71i1.3187
Section
Original Articles