MODE OF PRESENTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF CAROTID ARTERY INJURIES

Carotid Artery Injuries

  • Nauman Imtiaz Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ahsin Manzoor Bhatti Combined Military Hospital Quetta/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Hafiz Khalid Pervaiz Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan,
Keywords: Common carotid artery, External carotid artery, Internal carotid artery, Polytetrafluoroethylene

Abstract

Objective: To share experience of presentation and management of carotid artery injuries in tertiary care
Hospitals Rawalpindi, Lahore and Quetta.
Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi Lahore and Quetta, from Jun 2005 to Jul
2014.
Material and Methods: The data of demography, mode of presentation, associated injuries and surgical
procedures performed in the patients with penetrating neck injuries were collected and analyzed descriptively.
Results: All 32 patients were male. Age ranged from 18 to 52 years (mean: 30.7 ± 7.1 years). Time of presentation
to vascular surgeon ranged from 1 to 52 hours (mean: 4.4 ± 2.3 hours). Sixteen cases (50%) resulted from shrapnel
injuries. Thirteen patients (40.6%) had bullet injuries and in three (9.3%), stab wounds. In only 6 cases (18.7%)
carotid injury was confirmed on angiography preoperatively. Common carotid artery (CCA) was the most
frequently injured artery in 15 cases (46.8%). There were 6 cases (18.7%) of External carotid artery (ECA), 4
(12.5%) cases of internal carotid artery (ICA) and 1 case (3.1%) of injury to the carotid bifurcation. Two cases
(6.2%) had both ICA and ECA injuries. Four patients (12.5%) had no carotid artery injury on surgical exploration.
Conclusion: Surgical exploration of neck penetrating injuries on the basis of hard signs and platysmal penetration
was found a safe procedure especially in patients who had history of hemodynamic instability.

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Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
Imtiaz, N., Bhatti, A. M., & Pervaiz, H. K. (2018). MODE OF PRESENTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF CAROTID ARTERY INJURIES. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(5), 1382-86. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/2328
Section
Original Articles