JUVENILE ARTHRITIS DISEASE ACTIVITY SCORE IN CHILDREN WITH JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH CLINICAL DISEASE ACTIVITY IN LAHORE

Juvenile Arthritis Disease

  • Zanera Nawaz Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health Lahore Pakistan
  • Farhana Shahzad Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health Lahore Pakistan
  • Saba Aziz Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health Lahore Pakistan
Keywords: CRP, ESR, Juvenile Arthritis disease, Activity score

Abstract

Objective: To determine Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and
its association with disease activity.
Study Design: Cross sectional analytical.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in the department of Immunology & Serology, the
Children Hospital and the Institute of Child Health Lahore, from Jun 2015 to Jun 2016.
Material and Methods: All consecutive patients in a period of three months from Jun to Aug who fulfilled the
inclusion criteria were enrolled from Out Patient Department and Medical Unit 1. Demographic profile including
age and gender were recorded. Type of arthritis was assigned according to ILAR. The severity of the disease of
patients was assessed by using the JADAS-27 score at the time of presentation. Statical analysis of data was done
on SPSS version 17.0 for obtaining statistical results.
Results: Out of 45 patients, 44% (n=20) were males and 56% (n=25) were females between the age of 3-17 years.
polyarthritis was found in 51.1% (n=23) followed by oligoarthritis 37.7% (n=17) and systemic onset disease 11.1%
(n=5). Morning stiffness (97.8%) and fever (86.7%) were the most common clinical presentations. All patients with
systemic onset disease had fever (n=5) followed by skin rash, hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. Creactive
protein was positive in 30 (66.67%) patients. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was raised in 41 (91.11%)
patients. Rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity was observed in 12 (26.67%) cases. Anti-nuclear antibodies were
found positive in 3 (6.66%) patients. Out of 45 patients 5 were in clinical remission, 11 were in minimal disease
activity and 29 had severe clinical disease activity. Maximum 11 cases of severe disease activity lie between 30-40
JADAS-27 score each for CRP and ESR.
Conclusion: There was significant association between Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score and Clinical
Disease Activity. CRP and ESR were proved to be good inflammatory markers in JIA.

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Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
Nawaz, Z., Shahzad, F., & Aziz, S. (2018). JUVENILE ARTHRITIS DISEASE ACTIVITY SCORE IN CHILDREN WITH JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH CLINICAL DISEASE ACTIVITY IN LAHORE. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(5), 1249-55. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/2302
Section
Original Articles