COMPARISON OF TWO DOSAGES OF SUBMUCOSAL DEXAMETHASONE TO CONTROL POSTOPERATIVE TRISMUS AFTER SURGICAL EXTRACTION OF MANDIBULAR IMPACTED THIRD MOLAR

Submucosal Dexamethasone

  • Tahir Ullah Khan Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
  • Tariq Mehmood Frontier Dental College Abbottabad Pakitan
  • Zafar Ali Khan Frontier Dental College Abbottabad Pakitan
  • Muhammad Farooq Bannu Medical College Bannu Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ishfaq Peshawar Dental College Peshawar Pakistan
  • Rozi Afsar Peshawar Dental College Peshawar Pakistan
Keywords: Impacted tooth, Surgical extraction, Trismus dexamethasone

Abstract

Objective: To compare the post surgical effects of two different concentrations’ i.e. 4mg (milligram) and 8mg of
sub mucosal dexamethasone to decrease trismus by comparing the mean decrease in interincisal distance in
patients undergoing impacted mandibular third molar surgery.
Study Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial.
Place and Duration of Study: Outpatient department of oral and maxillofacial surgery unit, Mayo Hospital,
Lahore. The study was completed in 6 months, from Jan 2012 to Jul 2012.
Material and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 150 patients. Patients were
divided into two groups A and B. Mean interincisal distance of all patients was recorded pre operatively and post
operatively. All patients were advised to use a mouthwash clorhexidine 0.2% before surgery. Group A received 4
mg dexamethasone and group B received 8 mg dexamethasone in the buccal vestibular tissues. Standard surgical
procedure was performed by the same operator under same conditions. Postoperative mean interincisal distance
of all patients was recorded on day 2 (after 48 hours of surgery).
Results: Average age of patients was 32.62 ± 7.86 years with minimum and maximum ages of 20 and 50 years
respectively. Gender distribution was almost equal. Average “maximum interincisal” mouth opening distance
was significantly higher in group B as compared to group A i.e. (36 ± 3.928 mm (millimeter) versus 26.04 ± 3.097
mm) with p-value=0.000.
Conclusion: Eight mg dose of dexamethasone was statistically more significant in reducing the trismus as
compare to 4mg (p-value=0.000).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
Khan, T. U., Mehmood, T., Khan, Z. A., Farooq, M., Ishfaq, M., & Afsar, R. (2018). COMPARISON OF TWO DOSAGES OF SUBMUCOSAL DEXAMETHASONE TO CONTROL POSTOPERATIVE TRISMUS AFTER SURGICAL EXTRACTION OF MANDIBULAR IMPACTED THIRD MOLAR. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(5), 1235-39. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/2299
Section
Original Articles