THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA: OUR CLINICAL EXPERIENCE

Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

  • Zahid Farooq Baig Nephrologist, Combined Military Hospital Multan Pakistan
  • Aamir Farukh Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sceiences (NUMS) Paki
  • Mumtaz Amir Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sceiences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Aslam Khan Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sceiences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Nadir Ali Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sceiences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Pakistan Thrombotic microangiopathy, Plasmapheresis, TTP

Abstract

Objective: To assess clinical presentation and outcome of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
(TTP) in our setup.
Study Design: Descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Peshawar, from Feb 2016 to Aug 2017.
Patients and Methods: In a prospective design, patients diagnosed to be suffering from TTP, were included in
this study. Detailed history along with physical examination and thorough investigation of all cases was carried
out and collected on proformas. The diagnosis of TTP in our study was done by demonstration of significant
schistocytes (more than 1 percent) on peripheral blood film. The patients were treated with steroids and plasma
pheresis and in some cases with weekly Rituximab for 4 weeks. The patients were followed up in outdoor clinic
on monthly basis.
Results: Being a very rare disease, only 11 patients suffering from TTP reported during the study period. They
were followed prospectively with a mean duration of follow-up of 11.23 months (± SD 5.57). All patients (100
percent) had anaemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury. Fever was seen in 54.4% patients and 63.6%
patients had neurological involvement. A likely secondary cause of precipitation of TTP was found in 54.5%
cases. The mortality rate was 18.2 percent.
Conclusion: TTP is a challenging disease for intensive care specialists and can be fatal without effective treatment.
A high index of suspicion followed by early diagnosis and prompt treatment can save life. Documentation of
deficiency of plasma ADAMTS13 activity is not essential for the diagnosis of TTP and plasmapheresis is the
treatment of choice.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
Baig, Z. F., Farukh, A., Amir, M., Khan, A., & Ali, N. (2018). THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA: OUR CLINICAL EXPERIENCE. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(5), 1066-70. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/2224
Section
Original Articles