IS CHLOROQUINE STILL EFFECTIVE FOR THE TREATMENT OF VIVAX MALARIA IN CHILDREN IN NORTHERN PUNJAB OF PAKISTAN

  • Sajida Shaheen Combined Military Hospital Gujranwala
  • Fahim Ahmed Subhani Combined Military Hospital Gujranwala,
  • Muhammad Asif Nawaz Army Medical College, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) Islamabad
Keywords: Vivax malaria, Chloroquine, children.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of types of malaria and frequency of cases responding to chloroquine as first line treatment in vivax malaria in children of Northern Punjab of Pakistan.
Study Design: Descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: From Jun 2011 to Sept 2012 at Combined Military Hospital Gujranwala in children reporting from surrounding areas both rural and urban with clinical suspicion of malaria.
Materials and Methods: During the study period, 175 children were admitted with clinical suspicion of malaria. Out of which 102 were smear positive for malarial parasites, 13 cases were excluded from the study as they lost to follow up, leaving a total of 89 children in the study.
Patients under study remained admitted till the fever settled and malarial parasites were negative on smear. Chloroquine was used as first line treatment in cases with vivax malaria. On discharge from hospital, parents of children were advised fortnightly follow up for 28 days.
Results: Out of 89 children approx 54% were males and 46% were females. Mean age of participants was 5.91 years. The minimum age was 1 year and maximum 11 years (SD ± 3.09) out of the 89 cases, 84 (94.3%) had vivax malaria, 2 (2.24%) had falciparum malaria and 3 (3.37%) had mixed infection. Our study showed that 79 (94%) cases of vivax malaria fully responded to chloroquine, 5 (6%) cases treated with Chloroquine reported with relapse.
Conclusion: Chloroquine is still the drug of choice in vivax malaria.

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Published
2013-12-31
How to Cite
Shaheen, S., Subhani, F., & Nawaz, M. (2013). IS CHLOROQUINE STILL EFFECTIVE FOR THE TREATMENT OF VIVAX MALARIA IN CHILDREN IN NORTHERN PUNJAB OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 67(6), 522-25. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/2129
Section
Original Articles