FREQUENCY OF GASTRIC VARICES IN PATIENTS WITH PORTAL HYPERTENSION BASED ON ENDOSCOPIC FINDINGS

Gastric Varices in Patients With Portal Hypertension

  • Abdul Wahab Mir 144 Medical Battalion Goma Siachen Glacier Pakistan
  • Awais Ali Khan ,*Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ammar Anwar Chaudry Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Safa Mir Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Naseer Ahmed Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Esophageal varices, Gastric varices, N-butyl-cyanoacrylate, Portal hypertension

Abstract

Objective: To find out the frequency of gastric varices in patients with portal hypertension based on endoscopic findings.
Study Design: Descriptive Study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi from Jan to Jun 2011.
Material and Methods: All patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected through consecutive sampling. The patients presenting with hematemesis, melena or ascites with portal hypertension on ultrasound abdomen were admitted in the hospital. The patients were first stabilized hemodynamically and then kept empty stomach for at least four hours before endoscopy. The patients were sedated with intravenous midazolam and endoscopic findings obtained were entered on the patient proforma.
Results: The overall frequency of gastric varices was 11%, whereas 89% had no gastric varices.
Conclusion: A large number of patients with portal hypertension have gastric varices. It is recommended that endoscopy be carried out in all patients with identified portal hypertension.

 

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Published
2018-10-29
How to Cite
Mir, A. W., Khan, A. A., Chaudry, A. A., Mir, S., & Ahmed, N. (2018). FREQUENCY OF GASTRIC VARICES IN PATIENTS WITH PORTAL HYPERTENSION BASED ON ENDOSCOPIC FINDINGS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 67(1), 67-71. Retrieved from https://mail.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/139
Section
Original Articles